The methods profitable hedge funds and asset management firms employ to pick their stocks can generally be classified into two main categories: bottom-up approach and top-down approach.
A bottom-up investor focuses on the analysis of individual stocks and companies and de-emphasizes macroeconomic trends1 and industrial patterns. With more focus on fundamental data, investors may be able to choose stocks that perform well even if the industry does not.
A top-down investor focuses first on macroeconomic factors such as the geopolitical, industrial, sectorial datasets, and then works her way to examine micro factors such as fundamental data. It may be considered a time efficient investment strategy, but top-down investors can also miss out on potentially lucrative individual investments.
Although the two methods are entirely opposite in terms of structural hierarchy and order of due diligence, they share a similar goal, which is earning potential alpha2 (abnormal profits).
They both have their hardships, though, with bottom-up investors having to grind hours of due diligence in an attempt to find the right stock and top-down investors salivating at the lost investment opportunities that were filtered out in their earlier stages of research.
With the growth of fintech and the rise of artificial intelligence, some houses are utilizing AI to synergise the strengths and minimize the weaknesses of the two approaches. Qraft Technologies Inc., for example, is a fintech firm that creates and manages exchange traded funds based on AI. Its proprietary AI technology uses machine learning to analyse both macro and fundamental data at unprecedented speed.
More on Qraft’s AI Technology…
Qraft seeks to harness the power of technology to build and construct portfolios. By capturing both macro trends and fundamental data, Qraft’s AI may find high alpha factors to form an investment strategy that brings potential excess returns. When constructing portfolios, applying artificial intelligence may help streamline various aspects of the investment process that are deemed labor-intensive and expensive traditionally.
AI can analyze large amounts of data objectively and identify complicated patterns in a short period of time. As such, Qraft’s AI can explore the vast search universe and narrow down valid factor candidates with an aim to draw up effective investment strategies. It looks to automatically test various factors to determine which factors can potentially provide strong performance.
Qraft currently has four actively managed ETFs listed on the New York Stock Exchange:
Qraft AI ETFs Total Return vs Benchmark
The performance data quoted represents past performance. Past performance does not guarantee future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance data quoted. The investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investor’s shares, when sold or redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Returns less than one year are not annualized. Performance data current to the most recent month end may be obtained by visiting qraftaietf.com.
Market Price: The current price at which shares are bought and sold. Market returns are based upon the midpoint of the last bid/ask spread at 4:00 PM Eastern Time.
NAV: The dollar value of a single share, based on the value of the underlying assets of the fund minus its liabilities, divided by the number of shares outstanding. Calculated at the end of each business day.
Annual Expense Ratio is 0.75%.
The investment process used by the Qraft ETFs relies on the proprietary artificial intelligence security selection process that extracts patterns from analysing data developed by Qraft Technologies. While it is anticipated the Adviser (Exchange Traded Concepts LLC) will purchase and sell securities based on recommendations of QRAFT AI, the Adviser has full discretion over investment decisions for the Fund.
Macroeconomic Trends represent a meaningful economic trend that can be mapped to the performance of tradable assets or derivatives positions. It can be based on three complementary types of information: economic data, financial market data, and expert judgement.
Alpha is a measure of the active return on an investment, the performance of that investment compared with a suitable market index.
S&P 500 Momentum Index is designed to measure the performance of securities in the S&P 500 universe that exhibit persistence in their relative performance.
S&P 500 Index is a free-float weighted measurement stock market index of 500 of the largest companies listed on stock exchanges in the United States.
S&P 500 Value Index is designed to measure value stocks using three factors: the ratios of book value, earnings, and sales to price.
Morningstar Dividend Yield Focus TR tracks high-yielding, dividend-paying, U.S.-backed securities screened for superior company quality and financial health.
Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses carefully before investing. For a prospectus or summary prospectus with this and other information about the Fund, please call 1-855-973-7880 or visit our website at www.qraftaietf.com. Read the prospectus or summary prospectus carefully before investing.
The Funds are distributed by Foreside Fund Services, LLC
Investing involves risk, including loss of principal. The Funds are subject to numerous risks including but not limited to: Equity Risk, Sector Risk, Large Cap Risk, Management Risk, and Trading Risk. The Funds rely heavily on a proprietary artificial intelligence selection model as well as data and information supplied by third parties that are utilized by such model. To the extent the model does not perform as designed or as intended, the Fund’s strategy may not be successfully implemented and the Funds may lose value. Additionally, the funds are non-diversified, which means that they may invest more of their assets in the securities of a single issuer or a smaller number of issuers than if they were a diversified fund. As a result, each Fund may be more exposed to the risks associated with and developments affecting an individual issuer or a smaller number of issuers than a fund that invests more widely. A new or smaller fund's performance may not represent how the fund is expected to or may perform in the long term if and when it becomes larger and has fully implemented its investment strategies. Read the prospectus for additional details regarding risks.
While it is anticipated that the Adviser will purchase and sell securities based on recommendations by the U.S. Large Cap Database, the Adviser has full discretion over investment decisions for the Fund. Therefore, the Adviser has full decisionmaking power not only if it identifies a potential technical issue or error with the U.S. Large Cap Database, but also if it believes that the recommended portfolio does not further the Fund’s investment objective or fails to take into account company events such as corporate actions, mergers and spin-offs.
QRAFT AI-Enhanced U.S. Large Cap ETF: Companies in the health care sector are subject to extensive government regulation and their profitability can be significantly affected by restrictions on government reimbursement for medical expenses, rising costs of medical products and services, pricing pressure (including price discounting), limited product lines and an increased emphasis on the delivery of health care through outpatient services.
QRAFT AI-Enhanced U.S. Large Cap Momentum ETF: The Fund is subject to the risk that market or economic factors impacting technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technology advances could have a major effect on the value of the Fund’s investments. The value of stocks of technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technology is particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in technology product cycles, rapid product obsolescence, the loss of patent, copyright and trademark protections, government regulation and competition, both domestically and internationally, including competition from foreign competitors with lower production costs. Technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technology, especially those of smaller, less-seasoned companies, tend to be more volatile than the overall market.
QRAFT AI-Enhanced US High Dividend ETF: Securities that pay dividends, as a group, may be out of favor with the market and underperform the overall equity market or stocks of companies that do not pay dividends. In addition, changes in the dividend policies of the companies held by the Fund or the capital resources available for such company’s dividend payments may adversely affect the Fund. In the event a company reduces or eliminates its dividend, the Fund may not only lose the dividend payout but the stock price of the company may also fall.
QRAFT AI-Enhanced U.S. Next Value ETF: The value approach to investing involves the risk that stocks may remain undervalued, undervaluation may become more severe, or perceived undervaluation may actually represent intrinsic value. Value stocks may underperform the overall equity market while the market concentrates on growth stocks. The small- and mid-capitalization companies in which the Fund invests may be more vulnerable to adverse business or economic evens than larger, more established companies, and may underperform other segments of the market or the equity market as a whole. Securities of small- and mid-capitalization companies generally trade in lower volumes, are often more vulnerable to market volatility, and are subject to greater and more unpredictable price changes than larger capitalization stocks or the stock market as a whole.
Alpha – Alpha is a measure of the active return on an investment, the performance of that investment compared with a suitable market index.
AutoML – Short for Automated Machine Learning, AutoML is the automation of the machine learning process to make machine learning jobs simpler, easier, and faster.
Kirin API - Developed by Qraft’s data scientists, integrates multiple vendors to provide both macroeconomic and company fundamentals with the correct point-in-time data.